After an injury, a scar or scar tissue is a fibrous tissue that substitutes normal skin. Scars form as a result of the body’s biological wound-healing process in the skin, as well as other organs and tissues. Scarring is thus an inevitable part of the healing process. Every wound, except very minor lesions, results in some form of scarring. Animals with full regeneration, which grow back tissue without scarring, are an exception.
Scratching scars are a type of skin condition that occurs when the skin becomes irritated. Dryness, itching, or irritation can all contribute to it. Scratching a scar can also occur as a result of an insect bite or after a cut on your body.
Treatments for Scars
Medicated Creams or Gels
Skin creams and gels available over the counter can help. If your scar is itchy or sensitive, antihistamine cream can help relieve the itch while also aiding in the healing process. These will help also to lighten the scars on the legs. Corticosteroid cream has been shown to minimize the appearance of scars over time and can help prevent scarring.
It spreads easily, dries quickly, is gentle on sensitive skin, and inhibits bacterial growth. Silicone gel hydrates the skin and allows it to breathe, allowing scars to fade. Silicone gel has been shown in studies to reduce scar texture, color, and height. If you try it, make sure the gel is completely dry before putting clothes on top of it.
Zinc is a mineral that aids in the healing of wounds. It can help scars heal by reducing inflammation and stimulating cell growth. However, do not overdo it, as this can cause bloating or diarrhea. Zinc supplements may also leave a metallic aftertaste in your mouth. Inquire with your doctor about the best dose to try.
Gently massaging a scar after it has healed may be beneficial. It disrupts the collagen-building process in the tissue beneath. Cords, or tight strands of rope-like tissue, can form beneath the skin in some types of scars. If this occurs, your doctor might suggest a scar massage. The cords can be stretched and relaxed by massaging and pulling them, which improves the texture and flatness of the scar.
Scars can be less noticeable with various types of shots. Fillers such as collagen or fat, for example, can smooth out bumps or indents in the skin if you have acne scars. Botox or similar injections can help to smooth the skin and hide scars. Scars can be less visible with corticosteroid injections. However, steroid injections may cause side effects such as skin thinning or color changes.
Chemical Peel or Dermabrasion
The appearance of severe scars can be improved with these procedures. Surface scars are removed, and deeper scars are brought closer to the surface by removing the top layers of skin. The new skin may be temporarily reddish, sore, or swollen as the old skin peels away. The skin may take a week or more to return to normal.
Laser therapy, like chemical peels and dermabrasion, is used to treat severe scars. Laser therapy, on the other hand, is more focused on the scar than the other options. Specific blood vessels are targeted by the lasers. For about 5 days after the procedure, the skin is usually swollen and red. This will most likely be necessary several times. Many people receive three to five laser therapy sessions.
Micro-needling is a technique that involves rolling tiny needles into the top layer of your skin. This process stimulates the production of collagen in your skin, which plumps it and improves the texture of scars. After that, the area will be red for a few days. You may also require multiple treatments. Scars are often reduced with four to six micro-needling sessions.
Punch Excision Surgery
Punch excision is a simple procedure for getting rid of acne scars. Individual scars are cut out and wounds are closed with stitches or skin grafts by a dermatologist. People may also receive additional treatments, such as laser therapy. Treatment plans for acne scars vary depending on your skin type and scarring severity. Your dermatologist can explain your options and suggest the best course of action for you.
Subcision, like punch excision, is a minor surgical procedure used to treat acne scars in some people, sometimes in conjunction with laser therapy. So, what is the distinction? Subcision involves the use of needles that penetrate the skin and cut the fibers beneath a scar. This helps loosen the fibers and relax the scar to improve the skin’s appearance.
Best Cream for Scars
Avene Cicalfate Scar Gel
In this gel formula, silicones, copper, and zinc sulfate create the ideal healing environment for scars. It’s also super soothing when paired with the brand’s signature thermal spring water.
BioCorneum plus SPF 30 Advanced Scar Supervision
This topical silicone treatment uses patented FDA-approved Silishield technology to soften and flatten raised scars while also reducing itch, redness, and discoloration. It uses a gel that applies smoothly and quickly to create an invisible shield.
Silicone has long been recommended as a scar treatment because it is thought to help normalize scar tissue by increasing hydration and providing occlusion. That’s why so many scar creams contain silicone. She prefers this non-greasy gel because it can be used on both old and new scars and its moisturizing properties prevent excessive collagen buildup within the scar.
Bio-Oil Skincare Oil
Because of its multi-tasking formula, Bio-Oil has long been a cult favorite. This light oil can be applied to your hair, face, body, and, yes, scars. It contains chamomile, which is soothing and reduces redness, calendula, which is antibacterial, and vitamins A and E, which promote collagen and hydration. Its oily consistency makes it ideal for larger scars, such as stretch marks, because it glides over the skin.
ScarAway Silicone Scar Sheets
Consider them sheet masks for your scars. These ScarAway sheets can be used for healing your scars. They apply silicone to scars using an adhesive that helps to mimic the natural skin barrier, creating an ideal healing environment. It hydrates the skin and the adhesive is comfy and flexible, allowing you to cover and protect the scar while it heals.
Vaseline Petroleum Jelly Original
It’s critical to begin treatment as soon as a wound begins to heal to avoid scarring. It’s essential for keeping a skin barrier while also supplying moisture to a healing wound and preventing scab formation during this time, which is why she recommends using petroleum jelly like Vaseline as soon as possible.